Diabetes is on the rise all over the world and countries are struggling to keep pace. Today, there are 382 million people living with diabetes rocketing to 592 million by 2035. This means one person in ten will have the disease in less than 25 years.


Social and geographical factors to consider
The misconception that diabetes is ‘a disease of the wealthy’ is still held by some — to the detriment of desperately needed funding to combat the pandemic. But the evidence published today in the IDF Diabetes Atlas disproves that delusion: a staggering 80 per cent of people with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries, and the socially disadvantaged in any country are the most vulnerable to the disease.

Today’s emerging diabetes hotspots include countries in the Middle East, Western Pacific, sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia where economic development has transformed lifestyles. These rapid transitions are bringing previously unheard of rates of obesity and diabetes; developing countries are facing a firestorm of ill health with inadequate resources to protect their population.

By the end of 2013, diabetes will have caused 5.1 million deaths and cost USD 548 billion in healthcare spending.

 

“Governments and policy-makers, health professionals and those affected by the disease must remain engaged in the fight”

The steps that need to be taken to eradicate diabetes
Despite the grim picture painted by the new figures, we already have the knowledge and expertise to begin creating a brighter future for generations to come.

We must increase awareness of the importance of a healthful diet and physical activity, especially for children and adolescents. Crucially though, environments have to be created that lay the foundations for healthy living. These measures are most pressing in low- and middle-income countries, precisely those which are least prepared to confront this huge-scale pandemic, and whose very development will be thwarted in its aftermath.

It is essential that health professionals receive adequate and appropriate training to be able to perform effectively on the front line against diabetes.

In the last two years, progress has been made toward driving political change for diabetes. Building on the momentum of the 2011 UN Political Declaration on Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs), the 66th World Health Assembly in May 2013 saw the unanimous adoption by Member States of a voluntary Global Action Plan for the prevention and control of NCDs. Diabetes is now prominent on the global health agenda, with specific targets for access to essential medicines and for halting the growth of obesity and diabetes. Still, we must not miss this opportunity. Governments and policy-makers, health professionals and those affected by the disease must remain engaged in the fight so that we can all benefit from the vision of living in a world without diabetes.